# The Absolute Value of a Complex Number

Given any complex number $z$, we can compute its absolute value as described in the following definition:

Definition: Let $z = a + bi$ be a complex number. Then the Absolute Value of $z$ denoted $\mid z \mid = \sqrt{a^2 + b^2} = \sqrt{\Re (z) ^2 + \Im (z)^2}$. |

For example, consider the complex number $z = 2 + 3i$. Then $\mid z \mid = \sqrt{2^2 + 3^3} = \sqrt{13}$. Geometrically, the absolute value of a complex number represents the length of vector representing that complex number on a 2-dimensional grid with a real axis and imaginary axis:

Let’s now look at some properties regarding the absolute value of a complex number.

Theorem 1: Let $z, z’ \in \mathbb{C}$ be complex numbers $z = a + bi$ and $z’ = a’ + b’i$. Then:a) $z \bar{z} = \mid z \mid$ where $\bar{z} = a – bi$ is the Complex Conjugate of $z$.b) $\mid zz’ \mid = \mid z \mid \mid z’ \mid$. |

**Proof a)**$z\bar{z} = (a + bi)(a -bi) = a^2 – abi + abi + b^2 = a^2 + b^2 = \mid z \mid$.

**Proof b)**We will not prove part**b)**as it is rather lengthy, but the reader is advised to construct a proof. $\blacksquare$

### Related post:

- FHSU fills need for teachers in rural areas – Hays Post
- Cabinet throwing up some odd ideas – Bangkok Post
- JEE Main Exam 2020 application process begins next week, everything you need to know – Hindustan Times
- A Library Browse Leads Math’s Bill Dunham to Question the Origins of the Möbius Function – Bryn Mawr Now
- Women Seen as Vital as Science Advances – All China Women’s Federation – Women of China
- Hard work pays off for Cardinal Newman students on GCSE results day – Brighton and Hove News
- 5 places to take your class for a Maths-themed trip – School Travel Organiser
- Mathematics Software Market SWOT Analysis of Top Key Player & Forecasts To 2025 – Tribaux
- ‘We are in a math crisis’ – Samuda laments poor performance in subject area, calls on retired teachers to help – Jamaica Gleaner
- Shape-shifting sheets | Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences – Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences